Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Engineering and Protection Engineering


1.Introduction to disciplines and majors

Disaster prevention and mitigation engineering and protection engineering, as the secondary disciplines of civil engineering, mainly study the scientific theory, design method and application technology of urban and engineering structures to resist disasters. It involves urban planning, engineering structure, foundation and foundation, information technology, sociology And other fields are both emerging and interdisciplinary disciplines, but also a very challenging developing discipline. From the perspectives of minimizing the impact of natural and engineering disasters on people's lives and property and maintaining the sustainable development of the national economy, from the two basic starting points of earthquake resistance and disaster prevention of engineering structures, the occurrence mechanism of disasters and disaster resistance countermeasures of engineering structures And design methods, the development of new types of seismic structures, disaster mitigation measures and post-disaster recovery and reconstruction. At the same time, the focus on the study of engineering disasters, geological disasters and urban sudden disasters is another feature of this discipline.

2. Training Objectives

This major cultivates solid and broad basic theories and systematic in-depth expertise, has independent scientific research and design capabilities and innovative qualities, and can adapt to the needs of social construction. It is engaged in national government decision-making departments, design institutes, colleges, and scientific research departments. Senior professional technical personnel in management, teaching, scientific research and engineering design of disaster prevention and mitigation and protection engineering and related fields.

This major requires graduates to master basic theories in the fields of earthquake engineering, structural earthquake resistance, disaster prevention, etc., have an in-depth understanding of the status quo, frontiers, and development trends of the discipline. They can use modern scientific theories, analytical methods, and experimental techniques to independently complete Significant scientific research projects or engineering design projects, and can make innovative results; have strong computer application and engineering application capabilities; be able to master one or two foreign languages and proficiently read professional literature, one of which should have the same Ability to professionally conduct academic exchanges and scientific paper writing with foreign counterparts.

3. Research direction of protection engineering

(1) Research on earthquake resistance of engineering structures

The main research contents of this research direction include: earthquake resistance, isolation and vibration control of engineering structures, seismic test technology of structures, dynamic interaction between structures and foundations, seismic performance and design theory of complex engineering structures, and seismic performance evaluation of existing engineering structures And reinforcement methods, development and research of new types of high seismic structures.

(2) Risk analysis of geological disasters and countermeasure technology research

The geological disasters caused by the combination of long-term changes in the geological environment and short-term mechanical processes (engineering activities, earthquakes, rainstorms, etc.) have caused more and more severe damage and impact on the human living environment. The main research contents of this research direction include basic theories and technologies related to geological disaster research; dynamic response mechanism and response characteristics of rock and soil; dynamic theory of multiphase saturated and unsaturated media; surface subsidence, slope slip, ground The gestation and occurrence mechanism of geological disasters such as cracks, earthquakes and induced earthquakes, debris flows, soil erosion, disaster mechanism, environmental effect evaluation, monitoring and forecasting, protection and treatment countermeasures; the application of modern information technology in geological disaster research and prevention, etc. .

(3) Research on urban comprehensive disaster prevention and mitigation

With the continuous acceleration of urban modernization, urban disasters have evolved in an unprecedented way. The main research contents of this research direction include urban comprehensive disaster prevention and mitigation technology, disaster prediction and disaster prevention countermeasures of urban lifeline engineering system, urban fire spread prediction and disaster prevention countermeasures after earthquake, post-disaster recovery and reconstruction technology, information technology in disaster evacuation , Application in disaster prevention and mitigation, research on disaster sociology and disaster psychology, etc.

(4) Research on countermeasures for sudden disasters

Sudden disasters such as vehicle chain explosions caused by tunnel fires, explosions in gas pipeline networks, explosions in oil and gas storage facilities, accidental fires in urban garbage disposal facilities, and explosive fires in urban factories continue to sound alarm bells for the evolution of urban disasters. This direction focuses on on-site disaster investigation and research, analyzes the causes of disasters in sudden disaster-prone areas, and conducts technical research on anti-explosion and explosion-proof countermeasures to provide a scientific basis for the establishment (reformation) of industry technical standards