1.Introduction to disciplines and majors
The mining geology engineering discipline is a marginal discipline that applies geological science to mining engineering. This discipline will train national mining production, management departments and research institutions to use basic theories of earth science to solve crisis mine resource exploration, engineering geological disaster prevention, and mining. Senior talents in mine geology with practical problems in engineering fields such as comprehensive utilization of solid waste resources. The establishment of this specialty is conducive to the stable development of key disciplines in mining engineering, and is conducive to the cultivation of senior specialists in the field of mining engineering and geological science. This professional field will cover the main research directions of the existing master's point mineral census and exploration (engineering), mineralogy-petrology-depositology (science), geotechnical engineering (engineering) and geological engineering (master of engineering) and other disciplines. Broad development prospects.
The mining geology engineering disciplines are organized on the basis of the Department of Resource Engineering, etc., and are related to mineral census and exploration, mineralogy-petrology-depositology, mining engineering, safety technology and engineering, mineral processing engineering, engineering mechanics, civil engineering, environmental science and Engineering and other disciplines are closely related.
2. Training objectives
This subject can be awarded a master's degree in engineering.
The master students trained in this subject should be in a certain direction in the field of mine geological engineering, that is, prospective evaluation of mineral resources, monitoring and forecasting and prevention of mine engineering geological disasters, economic evaluation of mineral resources, mine environmental geology and industrial solid waste (2 The comprehensive utilization of secondary resources) has solid and broad basic theoretical knowledge and systematic in-depth professional knowledge. Have a deeper understanding of the current status, frontiers and development trends of this discipline, can use modern scientific theories and methods, experimental techniques and methods and computer technology, undertake mining geological engineering and related research topics, and have the production and management related to mining Departments and research institutions have the ability to independently solve practical problems such as exploration of crisis mine resources, monitoring and forecasting of geological disasters, prevention and treatment, economic evaluation of mineral resources, and comprehensive utilization of secondary resources.
3. Research direction
The main research directions of this discipline include:
(1) Metallogenic regularity and mineral resource prediction
This direction studies the distribution of metal mineral resources and oil and gas field resources in the crust and the formation conditions and causes of deposits and oil and gas reservoirs. The discipline applies geology, geochemistry, geophysics, inclusion mineralogy, GIS technology, mathematical geological methods, and a variety of physical, chemical, and rock and mineral testing techniques to study the deposit output characteristics and spatial distribution laws, structural ore control laws, and surrounding rocks Alterations, mineral symbiotic combination characteristics, ore-forming material sources, ore deposit genesis and regional mineralization laws provide scientific data for expanding prospective resources. The direction also jointly trains graduate students with relevant petroleum research departments, and uses sedimentology, tectonic geology, and geochemical methods to study the conditions of oil and gas formation, migration, accumulation, and preservation to provide a basis for the exploration and development of oil and gas fields.
(2) Micro-seismic monitoring of mine rock movement
Mine disasters such as rock burst, mine water inrush, coal and gas outburst, and geological structure activation caused by rock movement after mining. This research direction adopts new methods and methods at the intersection of geophysics and mining disciplines to systematically study the principles of fracture location and monitoring theory, and gradually formed a research direction with characteristics and advantages. Because the results of this research direction can be found in It is used in many fields such as mining, geology, railway, military, petroleum, etc. Therefore, it has very good development prospects. This research direction, on the one hand, provides new research methods for the field of engineering geology, and on the other hand provides new methods for monitoring and forecasting of geological hazards in mining engineering. This research direction is not only of great significance to the theoretical development of geological disaster prediction, but also has important practical value for mining engineering.
(3) Engineering geological disaster prevention
This research direction flexibly uses the theory of rock and soil mechanics, and proposes and applies general and special technical achievements applicable to the prevention and control of various types of engineering geological disasters: (1) Layered multiple high-pressure grouting prestressed anchoring technology, which is suitable for Reinforcement of collapses in above-ground and underground projects and reinforcement of endangered projects; (2) Non-casing hole-forming technology for loose rock and soil layers, suitable for drilling and hole-forming of various above-ground and underground project collapses; (3) Compound anchor rods Pile technology is suitable for the reinforcement treatment of various landslide bodies, high-filled roadbeds and bridge foundations.
(4) Digital mine
This direction applies cutting-edge topics such as multivariate information statistics (geostatistics) in the space domain and time-space domain, and researches modern information technologies such as multivariate information statistics and visualization technology in mining engineering, geological engineering, petroleum engineering, environmental science, agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry. And the application of marine science, urban geology and other fields, multivariate statistical analysis and mineral statistics prediction method research and its practical application.
(5) Mine environmental geology and solid waste recycling
The main contents of the research in this direction: mine environmental hydrology and mine environmental engineering geology. Study the comprehensive utilization of solid industrial waste in mines, and use these wastes to manufacture various smelt-type materials, sintered materials, gelled materials and thermal insulation materials, new building materials, etc., as well as treatment agents for industrial waste gas and wastewater And its treatment engineering.