Mineral Survey and Exploration Major


1.Introduction to disciplines and majors

This subject is a master's degree authorized subject approved by the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council in 1984. Mineral census and exploration is a geological survey and research work to find and evaluate the mineral resources needed to develop the national economy, and it provides the human society with a material basis for survival and development.

2. Training objectives

This subject can be awarded a master's degree in engineering.

The recipient of a master's degree in engineering in this discipline should have solid and broad basic theories and systematic in-depth expertise in deposit geology, mineral economics, mathematical geology, etc., have an in-depth understanding of the current status, frontiers and development trends of this discipline and be able to apply modern science Theories and methods, experimental techniques and methods, and computer technology have independently completed geological science research topics, and have the ability to engage in scientific research, teaching, and independently pay for specialized technologies. Ability to read professional literature, materials and write abstracts in foreign languages. The recipient of a master's degree in mineral census and exploration should also have a strong sense of engineering, economic development and market.

3. Research direction

The main research directions of this discipline include:

(1) Mineralogy and mineral resources prediction

This direction studies the distribution of metal mineral resources and oil and gas field resources in the crust and the formation conditions and causes of deposits and oil and gas reservoirs. The discipline applies geology, geochemistry, geophysics, inclusion mineralogy, GIS technology, mathematical geological methods, and a variety of physical, chemical, and rock and mineral testing techniques to study the deposit output characteristics and spatial distribution laws, structural ore control laws, and surrounding rocks Alterations, mineral symbiotic combination characteristics, ore-forming material sources, ore deposit genesis and regional mineralization laws provide scientific data for expanding prospective resources. The direction also jointly trains graduate students with relevant petroleum research departments, and uses sedimentology, tectonic geology, and geochemical methods to study the conditions of oil and gas formation, migration, accumulation, and preservation to provide a basis for the exploration and development of oil and gas fields.

(2) Mineral Economics

Main research: new technologies related to economic evaluation of mineral deposits; new technologies for optimization of mine operating parameters; application of various multi-objective optimization decision-making methods in mineral economic research; application of input-output method in mineral economic research; new computer systems such as experts The application of systems, decision support systems, expert decision support systems, information management systems, and computer networks in the study of mineral economy; the application of expert decision support systems in mine blending to carry out research on optimization decisions; macroeconomic optimization research on minerals.

(3) Mathematical Geology

Spatial domain and time-frontier topics of multivariate information statistics (geostatistics) in the spatial domain; spatial domain and time-spatial domain multivariate information statistics in geology, remote sensing geology, petroleum engineering, hydrology and engineering geology, scientific environment, agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry And the application of marine science, urban geology, mining engineering and other fields; the research and practical application of multivariate statistical analysis and mineral statistics prediction methods; the development of computer software systems in related fields.

(4) Environmental geology and solid waste recycling

The main contents of the research in this direction: mine environmental hydrology and mine environmental engineering geology. Study the comprehensive utilization of solid industrial waste in mines, and use these wastes to manufacture various smelt-type materials, sintered materials, gelled materials and thermal insulation materials, new building materials, etc., as well as treatment agents for industrial waste gas and wastewater And its treatment engineering.

(5) Application of GIS in geology

Geographic Information System (GIS) is a new technology that began to develop in the 1960s and is the product of interdisciplinarity. It is based on a spatial database and uses geographic model analysis methods to provide a variety of spatial and dynamic geographic information in a timely manner. GIS technology has broad application prospects in various fields such as geography, geology, environment, agriculture, forestry and mineral resources. The research direction is mainly to apply GIS to the study of metallogenic regularity, metallogenic prediction, regional economic development and regional environment.

The mineral census and exploration disciplines are organized on the basis of the Department of Resource Engineering, and have mineral rock and ore deposit laboratory, mineralogical laboratory, petrographic laboratory, inclusion mineral laboratory, mineral economics, remote sensing geology, mathematical geological laboratory and geology Computer room and other teaching and experiment facilities.